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Oil Painting Tips
How to prime a Canvas
Oil Painting Supports
Oil on canvas
Oil Painting Tip 1:
It would be better to start a drawing on a paper and when you have the drawing ready you can traslate it to the canvas in that way you avoids corrections that can foul the canvas
Oil Painting Tip 2:
The proportion of oil should be increased for each subsequent layer in an oil painting , because the lower layers absorb oil from the layers on top of them. If the upper layers dry faster than the lower ones, the painting will crack.
Oil Painting Tip 3:
Avoid using linseed oil as a medium in whites and blues as it has a marked tendency to yellow, which is most notable with light colors. Pure oil is recommended for light colors .
Oil Painting Tip 4:
To create the illusion of distance in your paintings paint receding objects with cooler less intense color. Objects that advance are warmer and more intense
Oil Painting Tip 5:
When you start an oil painting using oils, it can take some time for that initial layer to dry. Starting your painting with an acrylic underpainting however is a wonderful time saver as acrylic paint dries quickly and oil paint can be applied over the acrylic.
Oil Painting Tip 6:
Draw something with the correct proportions. Proportion, is simply the size of an object in relationship to other objects around it.
The easiest way to ensure this do is to learn how to measure.
The most convenient unit of measurement when drawing a person is the head. It is not the largest part of the body, nor is it the smallest, so it’s a very handy thing to compare other things on the body with. For example, some artists hold up a pencil or their paintbrush handle and estimate distance that way, while others use viewfinders with markings on the side.
Oil Painting Tip 7:
Some oil paints have too much oil content, squeeze them out on a newspaper first. The newspaper will absorb the excess oil, then you can put the colors back to your palette as needed for mixing.
Oil Painting Tip 8:
The colors change depending on the background which is being painted. The colour orange is different on a white background that one blue. One stroke yellow on a red background is different on one white. Blue over yellow orange tint gives a much warmer than blue on white, could be proved in parts of a canvas by applying cold and warm colors as a base and then applying the switched colors
Oil Painting Tip 9:
When I paint a nude I prefer to mix the colors in reduced quantity so I'm going painting by mixing more colors and getting the small variations in skin tones
Oil Painting Tip 10:
The oil is an excellent material for applying layers of transparent paint, also called veladuras. The effect is totally different from what would be obtained by mixing the two colors. The light that passes through the layer transparent and is reflected in the color opaque below that produces a special depth and luminosity.
Oil Painting Tip 11:
It should be noted that the lights and shadows are differentiated by their tone warm or cold, if the lights are warm then the shadows are cold and if the shadows are warm lights would be cold.
Oil Painting Tip 12:
Take a standard color wheel, now look at the color of the object in your painting that you want to create a shadow for. Match it to the color closest to it on the color wheel, now, Look directly across the wheel at the "complimentary" color to the one you are using.
Mix or find that complimentary color and add just a speck of it to your objects color on the palate. You will notice that a slightly darker value of your color appears. You can adjust the value by adding more.
This works well when you want to shade something without adding gray or graying the object. It takes a little practice but it isn't difficult. You can mix it on the palate or even scumble it in on the canvas and adjust it as you go to create an increasingly darker shadow value.
Oil Painting Tip 13:
It is preferable to begin to paint a nude in mid-tones and then apply the shadows and lights at the same time to define the shape and volume figure.
Oil Painting Tip 14:
A very important aspect of oil painting is learning how to control your brush. Without good brush control and technique, your effectiveness as a painter is truly limited.
Oil Painting Tip 15:
When you finished your painting, wait about two weeks and returns it to re-apply lights, the oil painting lights need more layers than the rest of the colours.
Oil Painting Tip 16:
Test your paint looking through a mirror can assure you will see details and uncover errors that may not have seen with the naked eye, I use this technique when I have the drawing ready, before starting to apply oil
Oil Painting Tip 17:
If you make a mistake painting do not try to cover more oil is preferable take out the oil from that area with an spatula, and re-painting over.
Oil Painting Tip 18:
One way to work the tone skin of a nude painting is starting the body with just one color: green , work the nude with lights and shadows with green and after the paintings is dry you can aply on it skin color in thin layers in that way you will get a transparent skin
Oil Painting Tip 19:
If you are going to paint outdoors would be advisable to bring forward the work with color depending on whether you're going to paint the ocean or a landscape, paint the canvas with the predominant color, if it is the ocean it could be blue light, if it is a landscape could be green
Oil Painting Tip 20 :
If you are triyng to do a photorealistic painting, you'll pretty need any size and type of brush on the market. It is impossible to depict each aspect of a photorealistic painting without the exact tool necessary for the job.
Oil Painting Tip 21 :
To clarify the skin tone of a painting without re-fillings, apply a transparent layer of white and wait that dry well at least two weeks, and I apply the shadows and lights with only transparent layers , at the end you will see skin becomes more clear.
Oil Painting Tip 22 :
Instead of mixing paint on a palette and then applying it to a canvas, you can also build up color by painting glazes(transparents layers). It is a painting technique that requires a bit of patience as each glaze or layer needs to be totally dry before the next is applied
I hope these oil painting tips have helped you. Oil paint is not the easiest medium to work with
Oil on canvas